Restricts access to a specified range of bytes in the byte array.

HRESULT LockRegion(

//Specifies the byte offset for the beginning of the range
//Specifies the length of the range in bytes
DWORD dwLockType
//Specifies the type of restriction on accessing the specified range



[in]Specifies the byte offset for the beginning of the range.


[in]Specifies, in bytes, the length of the range to be restricted.


[in]Specifies the type of restrictions being requested on accessing the range. This parameter uses one of the values from the LOCKTYPE enumeration.

Return Values


The specified range of bytes was locked.


Locking is not supported at all or the specific type of lock requested is not supported.


Requested lock is supported, but cannot be granted because of an existing lock.


This method restricts access to the specified range of bytes. Once a region is locked, attempts by others to perform the restricted access must fail with the STG_E_ACCESSDENIED error.

The byte range can extend past the current end of the current byte array. Locking beyond the end of an array is useful as a method of communication between different instances of the byte array object without changing data that is actually part of the byte array. For example, an implementation of compound files could rely on locking past the current end of the array as a means of access control, using specific locked regions to indicate permissions currently granted.

Three types of locking can be supported: locking to exclude other writers, locking to exclude other readers or writers, and locking that allows only one requestor to obtain a lock on the given range, which is usually an alias for one of the other two lock types. A given byte array might support either of the first two types, or both. The lock type is specified by dwLockType, using a value from the LOCKTYPE enumeration.

To determine the lock types supported by a particular ILockBytes implementation, you can examine the grfLocksSupported member of the STATSTG structure returned by a call to ILockBytes::Stat.

Any region locked with ILockBytes::LockRegion must later be explicitly unlocked by calling ILockBytes::UnlockRegion with exactly the same values for the libOffset, cb, and dwLockType parameters. The region must be unlocked before the stream is released. Two adjacent regions cannot be locked separately and then unlocked with a single unlock call.

Notes to Callers

Since the type of locking supported is optional and can vary in different implementations of ILockBytes, you must provide code to deal with the STG_E_INVALIDFUNCTION error.

Notes to Implementors

Support for this method depends on how the storage objects built on top of the ILockBytes implementation is used. If you know that, at any given time, only one storage object can be opened on the storage device that underlies the byte array, then your ILockBytes implementation does not need to support locking. However, if multiple simultaneous openings of a storage object are possible, then region locking is needed to coordinate them.

A LockRegion implementation can choose to support all, some, or none of the lock types. For unsupported lock types, the implementation should return STG_E_INVALIDFUNCTION.

See Also

ILockBytes::Stat, ILockBytes::UnlockRegion, IStream::LockRegion, LOCKTYPE

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