Requests an object to perform an action in response to an end-user's action. The possible actions are enumerated for the object in IOleObject::EnumVerbs.


LONG iVerb,
//Value representing verb to be performed
LPMSG lpmsg,
//Ptr to Windows message
IOleClientSite *pActiveSite,
//Ptr to active client site
LONG lindex,
//Reserved for future use
HWND hwndParent,
//Handle of window containing the object
LPCRECT lprcPosRect
//Ptr to object's display rectangle



[in] The number assigned to the verb in the OLEVERB structure returned by IOleObject::EnumVerbs.


[in] Points to the MSG structure describing the event (such as a double-click) that invoked the verb.


[in] Points to the object's active client site, where the event occurred that invoked the verb.


[in] Reserved for future use; should be zero.


[in] Handle of the document window containing the object. This and lprcPosRect together make it possible to open a temporary window for an object, where hwndParent is the parent window in which the object's window is to be displayed, and lprcPosRect defines the area available for displaying the object window within that parent. A temporary window is useful, for example, to a multimedia object that opens itself for playback but not for editing.


[in] Points to the RECT structure containing the coordinates, in pixels, that define an object's bounding rectangle in hwndParent. This and hwndParent together enable opening multimedia objects for playback but not for editing.

Return Values


Object successfully invoked specified verb.


iVerb set to OLEIVERB_UIACTIVATE or OLEIVERB_INPLACEACTIVATE and object is not already visible.


The object handler or link object cannot connect to the link source.


Invalid lindex.


The verb is valid, but in the object's current state it cannot carry out the corresponding action.


DoVerb was successful but hwndParent is invalid.


The object does not support any verbs.


Object does not recognize a positive verb number. Verb is treated as OLEIVERB_PRIMARY.


Link source is across a network that is not connected to a drive on this machine.


Class for source of link has undergone a conversion.


Object does not support in-place activation or does not recognize a negative verb number.


A "verb" is an action that an OLE object takes in response to a message from its container. An object's container, or a client linked to the object, normally calls IOleObject::DoVerb in response to some end-user action, such as double-clicking on the object. The various actions that are available for a given object are enumerated in an OLEVERB structure, which the container obtains by calling IOleObject::EnumVerbs. IOleObject::DoVerb matches the value of iVerb against the iVerb member of the structure to determine which verb to invoke.

Through IOleObject::EnumVerbs, an object, rather than its container, determines which verbs (i.e., actions) it supports. OLE 2 defines seven verbs that are available, but not necessarily useful, to all objects. In addition, each object can define additional verbs that are unique to it. The following table describes the verbs defined by OLE:

Specifies the action that occurs when an end-user double-clicks the object in its container. The object, not the container, determines this action. If the object supports in-place activation, the primary verb usually activates the object in place.
Instructs an object to show itself for editing or viewing. Called to display newly inserted objects for initial editing and to show link sources. Usually an alias for some other object-defined verb.
Instructs an object, including one that otherwise supports in-place activation, to open itself for editing in a window separate from that of its container. If the object does not support in-place activation, this verb has the same semantics as OLEIVERB_SHOW.
Causes an object to remove its user interface from the view. Applies only to objects that are activated in-place.
Activates an object in place, along with its full set of user-interface tools, including menus, toolbars, and its name in the title bar of the container window. If the object does not support in-place activation, it should return E_NOTIMPL.
Activates an object in place without displaying tools, such as menus and toolbars, that end-users need to change the behavior or appearance of the object. Single-clicking such an object causes it to negotiate the display of its user-interface tools with its container. If the container refuses, the object remains active but without its tools displayed.
Used to tell objects to discard any undo state that they may be maintaining without deactivating the object.

Note to Callers

Containers call IOleObject::DoVerb as part of initializing a newly created object. Before making the call, containers should first call IOleObject::SetClientSite to inform the object of its display location and IOleObject::SetHostNames to alert the object that it is an embedded object and to trigger appropriate changes to the user interface of the object application in preparation for opening an editing window.

Like the OleActivate function in OLE 1, IOleObject::DoVerb automatically runs the OLE server application. If an error occurs during verb execution, the object application is shut down.

If an end-user invokes a verb by some means other than selecting a command from a menu (say, by double-clicking or, more rarely, single-clicking an object), the object's container should pass a pointer (lpmsg) to a Windows MSG structure containing the appropriate message. For example, if the end-user invokes a verb by double-clicking the object, the container should pass a MSG structure containing WM_LBUTTONDBLCLK, WM_MBUTTONDBLCLK, or WM_RBUTTONDBLCLK. If the container passes no message, lpmsg should be set to NULL. The object should ignore the hwnd member of the passed MSG structure, but can use all the other MSG members.

If the object's embedding container calls IOleObject::DoVerb, the client-site pointer (pClientSite) passed to DoVerb is the same as that of the embedding site. If the embedded object is a link source, the pointer passed to DoVerb is that of the linking client's client site.

When IOleObject::DoVerb is invoked on an OLE link, it may return OLE_E_CLASSDIFF or MK_CONNECTMANUALLY. The link object returns the former error when the link source has been subjected to some sort of conversion while the link was passive. The link object returns the latter error when the link source is located on a network drive that is not currently connected to the caller's computer. The only way to connect a link under these conditions is to first call QueryInterface, ask for IOleLink, allocate a bind context, and run the link source by calling IOleLink::BindToSource.

Container applications that do not support general in-place activation can still use the hwndParent and lprcPosRect parameters to support in-place playback of multimedia files. Containers must pass valid hwndParent and lprcPosRect parameters to IOleObject::DoVerb.

Some code samples pass a lindex value of -1 instead of zero. The value -1 works but should be avoided in favor of zero. The lindex parameter is a reserved parameter, and for reasons of consistency Microsoft recommends assigning a zero value to all reserved parameters.

Notes to Implementors

In addition to the above verbs, an object can define in its OLEVERB structure additional verbs that are specific to itself. Positive numbers designate these object-specific verbs. An object should treat any unknown positive verb number as if it were the primary verb and return OLE_S_INVALIDVERB to the calling function. The object should ignore verbs with negative numbers that it does not recognize and return E_NOTIMPL.

If the verb being executed places the object in the running state, you should register the object in the Running Object Table (ROT) even if its server application doesn't support linking. Registration is important because the object at some point may serve as the source of a link in a container that supports links to embeddings. Registering the object with the ROT enables the link client to get a pointer to the object directly, instead of having to go through the object's container. To perform the registration, call IOleClientSite::GetMoniker to get the full moniker of the object, call the GetRunningObjectTable API function to get a pointer to the ROT, and then call IRunningObjectTable::Register.

Note When the object leaves the running state, remember to revoke the object's registration with the ROT by calling IOleObject::Close. If the object's container document is renamed while the object is running, you should revoke the object's registration and re-register it with the ROT, using its new name. The container should inform the object of its new moniker either by calling IOleObject::SetMoniker or by responding to the object's calling IOleClientSite::GetMoniker.

When showing a window as a result of DoVerb, it is very important for the object to explicitly call SetForegroundWindow on its editing window. This ensures that the object's window will be visible to the user even if another process originally obscured it. For more information about SetForegroundWindow and SetActiveWindow, see the Win32 SDK.

See Also

GetRunningObjectTable, IOleClientSite::GetMoniker, IOleLink::BindToSource, IOleObject::Close, IOleObject::EnumVerbs, IOleObject::GetMoniker, IOleObject::SetMoniker, IRunningObjectTable::Register, OleRun

SetForegroundWindow, SetActiveWindow
in Win32

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