Creates a new storage object using the OLE-provided compound file
implementation for the IStorage
| const WCHAR * pwcsName,
||//Points to pathname of compound file to create
| DWORD grfMode,
||//Specifies the access mode for opening the storage object
| DWORD reserved,
||//Reserved; must be zero
| IStorage ** ppstgOpen
||//Points to location for returning the new storage object
Points to the pathname of the compound file to create. Passed uninterpreted to
the file system. This can be a relative name or NULL. If NULL, a temporary
compound file is allocated with a unique name.
Specifies the access mode to use when opening the new storage object. For more
information, see the STGM
Reserved for future use; must be zero.
Points to the location where the new storage object is placed.
Indicates the compound file was successfully created.
Indicates the calling process does not have sufficient access. Attempt to open
file with conflicting permissions to a simultaneous open.
Indicates the compound file already exists and grfMode
is set to STGM_FAILIFTHERE.
Indicates the specified file was successfully converted to Storage format.
Indicates the compound file was not created due to a lack of memory.
Indicates bad name in the pwcsName
Indicates bad pointer in the pwcsName
parameter or the ppStgOpen
Indicates bad flag combination in the grfMode
Indicates the compound file was not created due to a lack of file handles.
See also any file system errors for other error return values.
This function creates a new storage object using the OLE-provided,
compound-file implementation for the IStorage
interface. The name of the open compound file can be retrieved by calling the IStorage::Stat
function creates the file if it does not exist. If it does exist, the use of
the STGM_CREATE, STGM_CONVERT, and STGM_FAILIFTHERE flags in the grfMode
parameter indicate how to proceed. See the STGM
enumeration for more information on these values.
If the compound file is opened in transacted mode (the grfMode
parameter specifies STGM_TRANSACTED) and a file with this name already
exists, the existing file is not altered until all outstanding changes are committed.
If the calling process lacks write access to the existing file (because of
access control in the file system), the grfMode
parameter can only specify STGM_READ and not
STGM_WRITE or STGM_READWRITE. The resulting new open compound file can still
be written to, but a commit operation will fail (in transacted mode, write
permissions are enforced at commit time).
If the grfMode
parameter specifies STGM_TRANSACTED and no file yet exists with the name
specified by the pwcsName
parameter, the file is created immediately. In an access-controlled file
system, the caller must have write permissions in the file system directory in
which the compound file is created.
The absence of STGM_TRANSACTED in the grfMode
parameter indicates the file is to be created and opened in direct access
mode. Any existing file with the same name is destroyed before creating the new
function can be used to create a temporary compound file by passing a NULL
value for the pwcsName
parameter. However, these files are temporary only in the sense that they
have a system-provided unique name
likely one that is meaningless to the user. The caller is responsible for
deleting the temporary file when finished with it, unless STGM_DELETEONRELEASE was
specified for the grfMode
By default, a Windows application can have 20 file handles open at one time.
Each storage object opened in transacted mode uses three file handles. To
increase the number of file handles the application has available, applications
often call the Windows SetHandleCount
function. However, the SetHandleCount
function affects C run-time libraries (those statically linked to the
application) that are hard-coded to expect only 20 file handles. There is no check on
overflow, so if the application already has a few compound files open and it
then uses a C run-time library (for example, fopen
), the application corrupts memory past the end of the file-handle array (low
in its data segment) if the library gets a file handle above 20.
To solve this problem, applications should reserve some number of file handles
on start up, making them available to the components that might be based on C
run-time libraries. If your application does not use any dynamic link libraries
that use the C run-time libraries, there is no need for any special
file-handle reservation code.
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