Creates and opens a new storage object on top of an ILockBytes instance provided by the caller. The storage object uses the OLE-provided, compound-file implementation for the IStorage interface.

HRESULT StgCreateDocfileOnILockBytes(

ILockBytes * plkbyt,
//Specifies the byte array object
DWORD grfMode,
//Specifies the access mode
DWORD reserved,
//Reserved; must be zero
IStorage ** ppstgOpen
//Points to location for returning the new storage object



Points to the underlying byte array object on which to create a compound file.


Specifies the access mode to use when opening the new compound file. For more information, see the STGM enumeration.


Reserved for future use; must be zero.


Points to the location where the new storage object is placed.

Return Values


Indicates the compound file was successfully created.


Indicates the calling process does not have sufficient access. Attempt was made to open an ILockBytes object with permissions that conflict with another current opening of the same object.


Indicates the compound file already exists and the grfMode parameter is set to STGM_FAILIFTHERE.


Indicates the compound file was successfully converted. The original byte array object was successfully converted to IStorage format.


Indicates the storage object was not created due to a lack of memory.


Indicates a bad pointer was in the pLkbyt parameter or the ppStgOpen parameter.


Indicates a bad flag combination was in the grfMode parameter.


Indicates the storage object was not created due to a lack of file handles.

See also any file system errors for other error return values.

See also the ILockBytes interface for other error return values.


This function creates a storage object on top of a byte array object using the OLE-provided, compound-file implementation for the IStorage interface. The StgCreateDocfileOnILockBytes function can be used to store a document in a relational database. The byte array indicated by the pLkbyt parameter is used for the underlying storage in place of a disk file.

The StgCreateDocfileOnILockBytes function has almost exactly the same semantics as the StgCreateDocfile function. For more information, see the discussion of StgCreateDocfile.

The newly created compound file is opened according to the access modes in the grfMode parameter. For conversion purposes, the file is always considered to already exist. As a result, it is not useful to use the STGM_FAILIFTHERE value, because it always causes an error to be returned. However, STGM_CREATE and STGM_CONVERT are both still useful.

The ability to build a compound file on top of a byte array object is provided to support having the data (underneath an IStorage and IStream tree structure) live in persistent space, space that does not ultimately reside in the file system. Given this capability, there is nothing preventing a document that is stored in a file from using this facility. For example, a container might do this to minimize the impact on its file format caused by adopting OLE. However, it is recommended that OLE documents adopt the IStorage interface for their own outer-level storage. This has the following advantages:

  • The storage structure of the document is the same as its storage structure when it is an embedded object, reducing the number of cases the application needs to handle.

  • One can write tools to access the OLE embeddings and links within the document without special knowledge of the document's file format. An example of such a tool is a copy utility that copies all the documents included in a container containing linked objects. A copy utility like this needs access to the contained links to determine the extent of files to be copied.

  • The IStorage instance addresses the problem of how to commit the changes to the file. An application using the ILockBytes byte array must handle these issues itself.

  • Future file systems will likely implement the IStorage and IStream interfaces as their native abstractions, rather than layer on top of a byte array as is done in compound files. Such a file system could be built so documents using the IStorage interface as their outer level containment structure would get an automatic efficiency gain by having the layering flattened when files are saved on the new file system.

See Also


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