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Overview
Group
Quick Info

Windows NT
Yes
Win95
Yes
Win32s
No
Import Library
user32.lib
Header File
winuser.h
Unicode
No
Platform Notes
None

ExitWindowsEx

The ExitWindowsEx function either logs off, shuts down, or shuts down and restarts the system.

BOOL ExitWindowsEx(

UINT uFlags,
// shutdown operation
DWORD dwReserved
// reserved
);

Parameters

uFlags

Specifies the type of shutdown. This parameter must be some combination of the following values:

Value
Meaning
EWX_FORCE
Forces processes to terminate. When this flag is set, Windows does not send the messages WM_QUERYENDSESSION and WM_ENDSESSION to the applications currently running in the system. This can cause the applications to lose data. Therefore, you should only use this flag in an emergency.
EWX_LOGOFF
Shuts down all processes running in the security context of the process that called the ExitWindowsEx function. Then it logs the user off.
EWX_POWEROFF
Shuts down the system and turns off the power. The system must support the power-off feature.
Windows NT: The calling process must have the SE_SHUTDOWN_NAME privilege. For more information, see the following Remarks section.
Windows 95: Security privileges are not supported or required.
EWX_REBOOT
Shuts down the system and then restarts the system.
Windows NT: The calling process must have the SE_SHUTDOWN_NAME privilege. For more information, see the following Remarks section.
Windows 95: Security privileges are not supported or required.
EWX_SHUTDOWN
Shuts down the system to a point at which it is safe to turn off the power. All file buffers have been flushed to disk, and all running processes have stopped.
Windows NT: The calling process must have the SE_SHUTDOWN_NAME privilege. For more information, see the following Remarks section.
Windows 95: Security privileges are not supported or required.

dwReserved

Reserved; this parameter is ignored.

Return Values

If the function succeeds, the return value is nonzero.

If the function fails, the return value is zero. To get extended error information, call GetLastError.

Remarks

The ExitWindowsEx function returns as soon as it has initiated the shutdown. The shutdown or logoff then proceeds asynchronously.

During a shutdown or log-off operation, applications that are shut down are allowed a specific amount of time to respond to the shutdown request. If the time expires, Windows displays a dialog box that allows the user to forcibly shut down the application, to retry the shutdown, or to cancel the shutdown request. If the EWX_FORCE value is specified, Windows always forces applications to close and does not display the dialog box.

The ExitWindowsEx function sends a separate notification message, CTRL_SHUTDOWN_EVENT or CTRL_LOGOFF_EVENT as the situation warrants, to console processes. A console process routes these messages to its HandlerRoutine functions, which are added and removed by calls to the SetConsoleCtrlHandler function. ExitWindowsEx sends these notification messages asynchronously; thus, an application cannot assume that the console notification messages have been handled when a call to ExitWindowsEx returns.

Windows NT: To shut down or restart the system, the calling process must use the AdjustTokenPrivileges function to enable the SE_SHUTDOWN_NAME privilege. For more information about security privileges, see Privileges.

Windows 95: Security privileges are not supported or required.

See Also

AdjustTokenPrivileges
, ExitWindows, HandlerRoutine, SetConsoleCtrlHandler


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