Creates an uninitialized object.
| IUnknown * pUnkOuter,
||//Object is or isn't part of an aggregate
| REFIID riid,
| void ** ppvObject
||//On return, pointer to interface pointer location
[in] Indicates whether the object is being created as part of an aggregate. If
so, you should use pUnkOuter
to supply a pointer to the controlling unknown of the aggregate that will use
the newly created object. If not, pUnkOuter
should be NULL.
[in]Specifies the IID of the interface to be used to communicate with the
newly created object. If pUnkOuter
is NULL, this parameter is frequently the IID of the initializing interface;
is non-NULL, riid
must be IID_IUnknown
[out]On return, points to the location of the requested interface pointer. If
the object does not support the interface specified in riid
is set to NULL.
The specified object was created.
parameter was non-NULL and the object does not support aggregation.
The object that ppvObj
points to does not support the interface identified by riid
An unexpected error occurred.
Out of memory.
One or more arguments are invalid.
interface is always on a class object. The CreateInstance
method creates an uninitialized object, which is defined in the code
associated with the class object.
parameter indicates whether the object is being created as part of an
aggregate. Object definitions are not required to support aggregation
they must be specifically designed and implemented to support it.
parameter specifies the IID (interface ID) of the interface through which you
communicate with the new object. If pUnkOuter
is non-NULL (indicating aggregation), the value of the riid
parameter must be IID_IUnknown
. If the object is not part of an aggregate, riid
often specifies the interface though which the object will be initialized.
For OLE embeddings, the initialization interface is IPersistStorage
, but in other situations, other interfaces are used. To initialize the
object, there must be a subsequent call to an appropriate method in the initializing
interface. Common initialization functions include IPersistStorage::InitNew
(for new, blank embeddable components), IPersistStorage::Load
(for reloaded embeddable components), IPersistStream::Load
, or IPersistFile::Load
In general, if an application supports one object definition, and the class
object is registered for single use, only one object can be created. The
application must not create other objects, and a request to do so should return an
error from IClassFactory::CreateInstance
. The same is true for applications that support multiple classes, each with a
class object registered for single use; a CreateInstance
for one class followed by a CreateInstance
for any of the classes should return an error.
To avoid returning an error, applications that support multiple object
definitions with single-use class objects can revoke the registered class object of
the first definition by calling CoRevokeClassObject
when a request for instantiating a second is received. For example, suppose
there are two classes, A and B. When IClassFactory::CreateInstance
is called for class A, revoke the class object for B. When B is created,
revoke the class object for A. This solution complicates shutdown because one of
the class objects might have already been revoked (and cannot be revoked twice).
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