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Overview
Group
Quick Info

Windows NT
Yes
Win95
Yes
Win32s
No
Import Library
kernel32.lib
Header File
winbase.h
Unicode
No
Platform Notes
None

PeekNamedPipe

The PeekNamedPipe function copies data from a named or anonymous pipe into a buffer without removing it from the pipe. It also returns information about data in the pipe.

BOOL PeekNamedPipe(

HANDLE hNamedPipe,
// handle to pipe to copy from
LPVOID lpBuffer,
// pointer to data buffer
DWORD nBufferSize,
// size, in bytes, of data buffer
LPDWORD lpBytesRead,
// pointer to number of bytes read
LPDWORD lpTotalBytesAvail,
// pointer to total number of bytes available
LPDWORD lpBytesLeftThisMessage
// pointer to unread bytes in this message
);

Parameters

hNamedPipe

Identifies the pipe. This parameter can be a handle to a named pipe instance, as returned by the CreateNamedPipe or CreateFile function, or it can be a handle to the read end of an anonymous pipe, as returned by the CreatePipe function. The handle must have GENERIC_READ access to the pipe.

lpBuffer

Points to a buffer that receives data read from the pipe. This parameter can be NULL if no data is to be read.

nBufferSize

Specifies the size, in bytes, of the buffer specified by the lpBuffer parameter. This parameter is ignored if lpBuffer is NULL.

lpBytesRead

Points to a 32-bit variable that receives the number of bytes read from the pipe. This parameter can be NULL if no data is to be read.

lpTotalBytesAvail

Points to a 32-bit variable that receives the total number of bytes available to be read from the pipe. This parameter can be NULL if no data is to be read.

lpBytesLeftThisMessage

Points to a 32-bit variable that receives the number of bytes remaining in this message. This parameter will be zero for byte-type named pipes or for anonymous pipes. This parameter can be NULL if no data is to be read.

Return Values

If the function succeeds, the return value is nonzero.

If the function fails, the return value is zero. To get extended error information, call GetLastError.

Remarks

PeekNamedPipe
is similar to the ReadFile function with the following exceptions:

  • The data read from the pipe is not removed from the pipe's buffer.

  • The function always returns immediately, even if there is no data in the pipe. The wait mode of a named pipe handle (blocking or nonblocking) has no effect on the function.

  • The function can return additional information about the contents of the pipe.

If the specified handle is a named pipe handle in byte-read mode, the function reads all available bytes up to the size specified in nBufferSize. For a named pipe handle in message-read mode, the function reads the next message in the pipe. If the message is larger than nBufferSize, the function returns TRUE after reading the specified number of bytes. In this situation, lpBytesLeftThisMessage will receive the number of bytes remaining in the message.

See Also

CreateFile
, CreateNamedPipe, CreatePipe, ReadFile, WriteFile


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